Protests hit Djibouti, opposition leaders held
Witnesses said Saturday’s demonstrations in Djibouti’s Balala suburb failed to match the intensity of Friday’s when at least two people were killed after security forces moved in at dusk to end an authorised demonstration in the city centre.
Interior Minister Yacin Elmi Bouh said one policeman was killed in the fighting and one demonstrator died after being hit by a speeding police car.
The opposition put the number of demonstrators on Friday in their thousands, in a rare outpouring of anger as opposition to President Ismail Omar Guelleh, in power since 1999, grows.
Guelleh, an ally of the United States which has established its only military base in Africa in Djibouti, oversaw a change to the constitution last year that allows him to seek a third term in elections this April.
Djibouti is ranked by the United Nations as one of the world’s poorest nations, and unemployment runs at about 60 percent.
The former French colony, whose port is used by foreign navies patrolling busy shipping lanes in the Gulf of Aden to fight piracy, counts Somalia and Eritrea among others as neighbours.
One self-exiled presidential challenger, Abdourahman Boreh, who plans to boycott April’s election if Guelleh stands, said the United States was backing Djibouti’s leader for strategic reasons. But that strategy had backfired, he said.
“He (Guelleh) is ruling by the barrel of the gun. A third term would not be legitimate and the population does not want him,” he told Reuters by telephone from London.
“The United States must listen to the people.”
Sixty three-year old Guelleh’s People’s Rally for Progress party has ruled since independence from France in 1977.
“The people don’t want this dictatorial regime,” said opposition supporter Hawa Abille. “Our freedom is in our hands.”